12 Olympians (Greek Edition)
A couple of years ago I posted a set of Roman republican denarii showing the 12 Olympians. The twelve Olympians were the major deities of the Greek pantheon who lived on Mt. Olympus. Today's post highlights the Greek edition of the 12 Olympians. This is a fun set to collect - and much more accessible than a 12 Caesars from Imperial Rome.
Two coins are a compromise to fill the gaps: a Roman provincial (once called Greek Imperial) from Pisidia for Hermes and a Roman denarius for Hephaestus. Details on the coins are listed below the picture.
Walters Art Gallery, Twelve Gods Relief, 1st Century BC - 1st Century AD (Public Domain Image)
The coins are listed in the same order as the Rome denarius collection - this was (almost) in alphabetical order by the name of the deity. One downside of the presentation is that all the coins look the same size (they are not). I added a second photo to show scale.
Thessaly, Thessalian League, Drachm (4.24 g), Late 2nd-mid 1st centuries BC, Her… and Heg… magistrates
Obv: Laureate head of Apollo right; behind, HP monogram
Rev: ΘEΣΣA-ΛΩN, Athena Itonia striding right, hurling spear and holding forth shield; in right field, HΓ monogram
Ref: BCD Thessaly II (Triton XV) Lot 836; BMC 42; McClean 4968
Notes: Freedom for Thessalians
Pontos, Amisos, 85-65 BC, Time of Mithradates VI Eupator, Bronze Æ
Size: 16 mm, 3.8g
Obv: Wreathed head of Dionysos right
Rev: AMIΣOY, thyrsos, Σ in left field.
Ref: SNG BM Black Sea 1192-1195
Lokris, Lokri Opuntii, c. 340 BC, AR Hemidrachm or Triobol, 15mm, 2.5g
Obv: Wreathed head of Demeter left, wearing necklace and earring
Rev: Ajax advancing right, holding shield decorated with lion; Λ below, V to right
Aeolis, Kyme, Æ, circa 165-90 BC, Zoilos, magistrate, 4g, 15mm
Obv: Draped bust of Artemis right, with bow and quiver over shoulder
Rev: Single-handled cup, with laurel branch to outer left and right; KY above, ΖΩΙΛΟΣ across fields
Ref: SNG von Aulock 1642
Pontos, Amisos, AR Siglos,4th Century BC (5.54g, 19mm, 3h)
Obv: Draped bust of Hera left, wearing turreted stephanos
Rev: Owl standing facing with spread wings; H ΓH across fields; ΠEIPA below
Ref: SNG Stancomb 661 (this coin); cf. SNG BM Black Sea 1071; HGC 7, 229
Bruttium, The Brettii, Circa 211-208 BC, Double Unit (Didrachm?), AE, 25mm, 15.18g
Obv: Helmeted head of Ares left, griffin on helmet; below neck, thunderbolt
Rev: BPETTION Hera Hoplosima advancing right, holding shield with both hands and spear leaning against her; cup & ladel at feet, to right, bucranium
Pisidia, Termessos, Pseudo-autonomous, Ae, 9.5g, 25mm, (2nd-3rd centuries AD
Obv: TEPMHCCEΩΝ, Bare-headed and draped bust of Hermes left. kerykeion over shoulder
Rev: ΤΩΝ ΜΕΙZΟΝΩΝ, Athena standing left, holding Nike and spear.
Ref: RPC VII Unassigned 73249
Akarnania, Anaktorion, circa 350-300 BC, AR Stater
Obv: Pegasos flying left
Rev: Helmeted head of Athena left; KΛE above, monogram below, monogram and filleted bucranium behind
Boeotia, Federal Coinage, Drachm, circa 225-171 BC, 19mm, 5.05g
Obv: Laureate head of Poseidon right.
Rev: BOIΩTΩN, Nike standing left, holding wreath and trident; monogram to inner left.
Ref: BCD Boiotia 127; HGC 4, 1175
Lucius Aurelius Cotta, 105 BC, AR serrate denarius, Rome mint
Obv: Draped bust of Vulcan right, wearing laureate pileus; tongs and * behind; control mark "X" beforeall within wreath
Rev: Eagle standing on thunderbolt, head left; R to right; all within laurel wreath
Ref: Crawford 314/1b (control on obverse); Sydenham 577a; Aurelia 21b
Phrygia, Laodikeia, 133/88-67 BC
Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Aphrodite or the foundress Laodice right
Rev: Filleted cornucopia to right; filleted kerykeion to left
Size: 20mm, 6.55g
Ref: BMC 40-4, SNG Copenhagen 501-2
See Note: A Phrygian Cornucopia
Sicily, Syracuse, Timoleon, 344-336 BC, Æ Hemidrachm, Timoleontic Symmachy coinage, struck circa 342-339/8 BC
Obv: Laureate head of Zeus Eleutherios, bearded, right
Rev: Thunderbolt; to right, eagle standing right
Ref: Garraffo Series A, c; Calciati II pg. 168, 72 st 1; SNG ANS 477; SNG Morcom 723